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Priorities Report: 2020

September 28, 2021

The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) is the primary federal funding source dedicated to providing child care assistance to families with low-incomes.  As a block grant, CCDF gives funding to states, territories, and tribes to provide child care subsidies through vouchers or certificates to families with low incomes, and grants and contracts with providers in some states.  CCDF provides access to child care services for working families with low incomes, so parents can work, attend school, or enroll in training.  Additionally, CCDF promotes the healthy development of children by improving the quality of early learning and school-age experiences for both subsidized and unsubsidized children.  Within the federal regulations, lead agencies administering CCDF decide how to administer the CCDF subsidy programs.  States determine payment rates for child care providers, copayment amounts for families, specific eligibility requirements, and have some flexibilities on how to prioritize CCDF services.

The following reports include the initial CCDF Plan data submitted by states and territories as of July 1, 2021. The preliminary reports and information are subject to change. The Plans are currently under review and will become effective as of October 1, 2021. For more detailed information about the sections listed below, please refer to the CCDF State/Territory Plan Preprint (PDF).

The state-level aggregate report, or ACF-800, is one of two data collections undertaken by the Office of Child Care (OCC) pursuant to the requirements of the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act. The other data collection is accomplished through the ACF-801 Report, which requires detailed, case-level data on families served through the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF). All CCDF lead agencies in the States, the District of Columbia, and Territories (including Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Marianna Islands, and the US Virgin Islands) are responsible for completing the ACF-800. For more information, please see the OCC website at: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/occ/resource/acf-800-annual-aggregate-child-care-data-report.

This report:

  1. Describes the Tribal Home Visiting Program, grantees, and family and community contexts that influence implementation of the program;
  2. Highlights the expanded reach and availability of home visiting services in tribal communities as a function of the Tribal Home Visiting Program;
  3. Tells the story of program implementation across funding years, highlighting successes and areas of improvement;
  4. Describes technical assistance and systems of support provided to grantees;
  5. Summarizes grantee performance measurement and grantee performance in legislatively mandated benchmark areas; and
  6. Suggests recommendations for improving program reach, supports, and requirements.

This report summarizes the experiences and insights of the first two cohorts of Tribal Home Visiting Program grantees. It provides (1) the methods by which information for the report was collected and synthesized; (2) a description of the 19 grantees; (3) detailed information on the Tribal home visiting approach; and (4) examples of how Tribal Home Visiting Programs have supported improvements in local early childhood systems. The last section of the report highlights key findings, lessons learned, and other insights that can help inform future efforts in Tribal home visiting.

This brief—based on interviews with eight Tribal MIECHV grantees1 —will (1) discuss the importance of cultural enrichments of evidence-based home visiting models; (2) highlight three different approaches Tribal MIECHV grantees have pursued to shape programs to best reflect their communities; and (3) offer guidance for programs that are searching for a way to best fit home visiting within the cultural context of their communities. The brief discusses ways that grantees have approached cultural enrichment in the first 5 years of the Tribal MIECHV program.

This issue brief summarizes the experiences and wisdom of seven Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (Tribal MIECHV, or Tribal Home Visiting) grantees serving urban Indians.1 It reviews the history of AIAN relocation to urban areas and provides examples of some of the challenges and innovations for meeting the needs of AIAN families in urban areas. These include: (1) helping families ease feelings of isolation by supporting connections to peers and elders; (2) empowering families by leveraging tribal diversity; (3) being flexible in responding to family mobility; and (4) supporting families to access safety-net supports.

This issue brief offers examples of promising strategies implemented by Tribal MIECHV grantees that keep home visiting focused on the curriculum while also empowering families to address their needs.

This report describes how Tribal Home Visiting Program grantees serve tribal communities that range from rural reservations, to urban areas, to remote Alaska villages. Grantees represent the rich diversity of AIAN populations, their unique cultural contexts, and varied geographic locations and service areas. This report reflects information about the Tribal Home Visiting Program as it has been implemented with FY 2010-2015 funds.

The stories in this collection illustrate the positive impact of home visiting programs provided to American Indian and Alaska Native families by tribal entities across the country. The stories were collected through interviews with families and staff from 14 Tribal MIECHV programs. Home visiting programs focus on helping people be the best parents they can be. Home visitors provide information on prenatal and child development. They offer guidance on parenting skills and strategies. They connect families with the resources they need for food, housing, health, and safety. Home visitors often serve as “first responders” in helping parents identify delays in development and other issues that need to be addressed.